At a time of declining church attendance across America and growing disenchantment with traditional religion, a Catholic parish in Hyattsville, Md., thrives by embracing the very orthodoxy other congregations have abandoned.
St. Jerome Catholic Church and its affiliated school, St. Jerome Academy, have both experienced dramatic growth over the past few years, largely due to an influx of families drawn to the parish's reputation as a haven for conservative Catholics seeking to live among others who share their values.
"The parish life was very important to us," says Daniel Gibbons, 40, who teaches at Catholic University in nearby Washington, D.C., and moved to Hyattsville with his young family four years ago. "I know from my own childhood that it can be very hard to raise children as a Catholic if you don't have a community of other Catholics who are trying to make the faith real in their everyday lives and raise the children in ways that are harmonious with their faith."
Several of the new St. Jerome families previously had been home schooling their children, after disappointing experiences in both public and parochial schools.
"Faith-based education was very important to us," says Julia Dickson, 37, who moved to Hyattsville with her husband two years ago from a Baltimore suburb. "There was no [private] school that I felt was any different from a public school with a religion class tacked on," she says. "I wanted something with the Lord as the center of the entire day."
St. Jerome Academy, which almost had to close its doors eight years ago because of financial difficulties and low enrollment, experienced a dramatic turnaround after switching to a "classical" curriculum with a heavy emphasis on the history of Western civilization, taught always with reference to the Bible and the development of Christian faith.
The town of Hyattsville itself, with a population of barely 17,000, is also an attraction to these young Catholic families. Though located just beyond the D.C. limits, the historic community was established before the automobile age and is highly walkable. A key gathering spot is the Vigilante Coffee Roastery & Cafe, situated around the corner from the church and the school. Young mothers, many with babies in tow, congregate there each morning. The cafe manager is a former teacher from Los Angeles who also serves as the youth minister at St. Jerome.
Most of the families live within a 2-mile radius.
"Our kids are continually at each other's homes," says Michelle Trudeau, 48, a mother of six who home-schooled her four oldest children before enrolling them at the parish school, where she is now the assistant principal. "As parents, we know we can trust what's going on in that other house," she says. "We know that if something goes on with our kids, other parents are looking out for them. We all become parents of each other's children."
The tightness of the Hyattsville Catholic community developed deliberately, not accidentally. The key figure in its growth was Chris Currie, a former nonprofit executive who moved to Hyattsville 20 years ago and now serves as director of institutional advancement at the parish school.
"It started with me inviting people I knew to come here," he says. "My sister's family was the first to move here, followed by a couple of friends. Other families came here to become part of the foundation, and then by word of mouth people heard about it and came here because of the heightened community life."
As an "intentional" community centered on a parish and its school, Hyattsville came to the attention of Rod Dreher, a writer specializing in Christian culture. In his best-selling and widely discussed new book, The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation, Dreher urges conservative Christians in America to withdraw from culture wars and partisan politics and focus instead on deepening their own faith through a semi-monastic life. Dreher's model is St. Benedict, the sixth century monk recognized as the founder of Western monasticism.
"We have to develop creative, communal solutions to help us hold on to our faith and our values in a world growing ever more hostile to them," Dreher writes. He describes the Hyattsville Catholic community in his book as "a strong model of being in the world but not of it."
In an interview with NPR, Dreher lamented the replacement of "traditional" Christianity with "pseudo-Christianity," which he described as "all about feeling good and happy about yourself."
"For a lot of people in modernity," Dreher said, "religion has become sort of a psychological help. It has become a way of rationalizing what we want to do anyway and putting a little Jesus sauce on top to make it go down easily."
There is little "pseudo" about the Catholicism lived in Hyattsville. Bible study groups meet regularly, and a dozen or more women in the community gather weekly to say the rosary together, a custom that has become rare among Catholics more generally. The women pray to the sound of crying babies and squealing toddlers.
"We're very open to life," explains 32-year-old Jane Murphy, who has three children under the age of 5. "In the Catholic Church, we don't believe in artificial contraception, and that results in a lot of babies!"
The community's adherence to official church doctrine also means the Hyattsville Catholics are increasingly in a cultural minority. They differ with many in the LGBT world, for example, over such issues as same-sex marriage, which the Vatican opposes.
"I think that what the church teaches about marriage is the best for family life," says Gibbons, the Catholic University professor.
Whether the community reflects Dreher's "Benedict Option" is a matter of some dispute, however, in part because many of the Hyattsville Catholics are deeply engaged in the broader society and say they do not feel marginalized, angry or alienated.
Many have advanced degrees and work professionally. Unlike other conservative Christians, they are not easy to categorize politically, having split their votes about evenly between Donald Trump and other candidates in the 2016 election.
Currie, the community founder, looks for comparison to the experience of the early Christians under Roman rule, when they thrived despite vicious persecution.
"They lived joyful lives, and they attracted converts by the example of their lives," he says. "I think that's what we're trying to do, live the way they did. Not live defensively, in sort of a paranoid xenophobic reaction to the rest of society, but to realize that we're all human beings created in the image of God, and to live that life ourselves and share it with our neighbors."
Critics say the risk in people choosing deliberately to live in a like-minded community is that it may not equip them well to deal with the challenges and opportunities of a pluralistic society, but the Hyattsville Catholics question that premise.
"For me personally," says Murphy, "living in this community has strengthened my faith so that I can go out to the wider community, the secular community, and talk with confidence about my faith. I can be accepting of other people but still be confident about telling them about my faith."
AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:
Many conservative religious people feel disconnected from a society they see as hostile to their beliefs. Some have organized politically, taking a stand against secular culture. Today, we begin a series of occasional stories about the way Americans exercise their faith in their daily lives. Here's NPR's Tom Gjelten on a community that has turned inward, where religious people are focused more on deepening their faith rather than defending it.
TOM GJELTEN, BYLINE: About 150 Roman Catholic families who put their faith at the very center of their lives has settled in a small Maryland suburb called Hyattsville just outside D.C. They've moved here deliberately to be near other Catholics with the same values. Most attend the same church and send their children to the nearby Catholic school. They socialize. They have scripture study groups. And they pray together in each other's homes, as these women are doing this weekday morning.
JANE MURPHY: I'd like to pray in Thanksgiving for just a new day of life, for marriage and family, for this community and also for my husband's job, for his focus taking...
GJELTEN: The room is full of babies. Thirty-two-year-old Jane Murphy and her husband have three children under the age of 5.
MURPHY: We're just - we're very open to life obviously. You know, in the Catholic Church, we don't believe in artificial contraception. And that results in a lot of babies.
GJELTEN: These Catholic families hold to official church views on family, marriage and worship. The women pray the rosary together. They call themselves the rosary moms.
UNIDENTIFIED GROUP #1: Hail Mary, full of grace, the lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
GJELTEN: The Catholics of Hyattsville are not separatists. They have non-Catholic friends. They have jobs. They vote. But they are living purposely in community.
CHRIS CURRIE: It started with my having invited people I knew to come here.
GJELTEN: Chris Currie moved to Hyattsville with his wife 20 years ago and joined the local parish, St. Jerome's. His sister and her family followed. It was the beginning of an intentional community.
CURRIE: And then we started to see by word of mouth people coming here to join this kind of heightened or thicker community life, including graduate students at Catholic university, faculty there, others who were moving to Washington for jobs.
GJELTEN: Among them, Dan Gibbons.
DAN GIBBONS: The parish life was very important to us, and the idea that a parish isn't just a place where you come on Sunday for a couple hours.
GJELTEN: Gibbons and his wife have four young boys.
GIBBONS: I know from my own childhood that it can be very hard to raise children as a Catholic if you don't have a community of other Catholics who are trying hard to raise their children in ways that are harmonious with their faith.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: And let's go into the trial. Please turn in your books to Chapter 14.
GJELTEN: The parish school, St. Jerome Academy, is part of what draws Catholics to this community. The curriculum includes regular science, literature and history classes but infused throughout are lessons about God and the value of Christian faith. This class is discussing Joan of Arc, who's said to have been divinely inspired to lead French troops against their English enemies only to be captured and burned at the stake.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Morgan, go ahead.
MORGAN: Even though she's destined to be killed, she still has a reward after she's killed of going to Heaven and seeing God.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: OK. So had God abandoned her?
UNIDENTIFIED GROUP #2: No.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Do you think she feels like God abandoned her?
GJELTEN: The Hyattsville community has come to the attention of the writer Rod Dreher, who's known for his observations on contemporary Christian life. He sees the Hyattsville Catholics as an exception to an increasingly weak religious culture in this country.
ROD DREHER: I think for a lot of people in modernity, religion has become sort of like a psychological help, a way of rationalizing what we want to do anyway.
GJELTEN: To Dreher, the Hyattsville Catholics are living a version of what, in a new book, he calls the Benedict option, after the sixth century saint who founded one of the earliest Christian monasteries. In his book, Dreher calls on Christians to follow a modern version of that monastic life.
DREHER: It means that we have to pray more intentionally. We have to learn how to fast again and how to deny ourselves things. It means that we're going to have to spend a lot more time in worship. We're going to have to burrow more deeply into the scriptures. And I think it means we're going to have to be a lot more contemplative.
UNIDENTIFIED GROUP #1: (Singing) Mary, your praises we sing.
GJELTEN: The rosary moms end with song.
UNIDENTIFIED GROUP #1: (Singing) You reign now in splendor with Jesus our king.
GJELTEN: These women are not new to their Catholic faith. Jane Murphy always went to church, but she says it was mostly an intellectual experience.
MURPHY: It wasn't until coming into this community that I became much more spiritual about my faith and discovering the joy that comes with my spiritual life and growing my spiritual life.
GJELTEN: The challenge for the Hyattsville Catholics and other Christians living Rod Dreher's Benedict option is not to be so segregated as to oppose America's growing diversity. Dreher himself has faced criticism for not being sufficiently inclusive in his vision of Christian life. The Hyattsville Catholics know they're in a minority with their theologically traditional views and values. But unlike some other conservative Christians, they don't focus on their marginalization. They're not angry. They're not especially political. The community founder, Chris Currie, looks to the example of the early Christians back in Roman times.
CURRIE: I think that's what we're trying to do now is live the way they did, not live defensively in sort of a paranoid xenophobic reaction to the rest of society, but to realize that we're all human beings created in the image of God and live that life ourselves and share it with our neighbors.
GJELTEN: Those early Christians were persecuted mightily for their faith, Currie notes, but still they thrived.
CURRIE: They lived joyful lives and attracted converts by the example of the lives that they were living.
GJELTEN: And so do the Hyattsville Catholics. Their numbers are steadily growing, even as many Christian congregations deal with decline. Tom Gjelten, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.